Russia First Half 2017: First positive result in five years

The Hyundai Solaris is out, so it’s the Kia Rio – not the Lada Granta – now at #1. 

* See the Top 58 All-brands and Top 25 models by clicking on the title *

An all-models H1 2017 ranking is now available here

Finally, it’s the end of the tunnel for Russian new car sales with a first positive First Half in five years (since 2012) at +6.9% to 718.529 registrations, however still hardly half the result of five years ago (1.413.769)… Homegrown behemoth Lada almost doubles the market growth at +13% to a solid 19.5% market share, one full percentage point above the same period a year ago. In second place like last year, Kia posts the largest year-on-year gain in the Top 15 at +22% to 11.9% share, 1.4pp above last year. Hyundai (+10%) and Renault (+17%) also beat the market to round up the Top 4 as does Volkswagen (+18%) in 6th place whereas Toyota (-1%) and Nissan (-3%) lose ground.

The Lada Vesta is up 51% to #3 but remains far from the pole position volume-wise. 

Mazda (+21%), Datsun (+32%), Volkswagen Vans (+20%), Volvo (+27%) and Jaguar (+67%) are the most dynamic among manufacturers selling over 1.000 units over the period. 2017 hasn’t been kind with luxury brands in Russia so far: Mercedes (-7%), BMW (+3%), Lexus (-5%) and Audi (-24%) all lose either volume or market share. Daewoo (#19 last year) has been replaced by Ravon (#21) which is far from reaching the same level at 4.946 vs. 8.574 for the defunct brand last year. Haval (#36) and Genesis (#41) also make their appearance in the Russian sales charts. Lifan, #20 with 1% share remains by far the most popular Chinese fare in Russia this year and despite a 5% drop. It distances Chery at 0.4% (+2%) and Geely at 0.2% (-65%).

The Hyundai Creta is one of the most successful nameplate launches in Russian history. 

One year ago, the Hyundai Solaris spectacularly took charge of the models ranking. The situation has changed drastically since, but not to Lada’s advantage despite two new successful launches. It’s the Kia Rio that snaps the pole position halfway through 2017 thanks to deliveries flying off 17% to 6.4% share whereas it ranked 3rd a year ago. The Lada Granta manages to slow down its fall and even rank #1 in June for the first time of the year. It remains 2nd. Continuing to gear up, the Lada Vesta is up 51% on the same period a year ago to land in third place. It hit a record 5.2% share in May but never ranked above #3. In 4th place we have the ex-leader the Hyundai Solaris, freefalling down 29%. Far from a disaffection from Russian customers, this is the result of the discontinuation of the hatchback variant to make room in the factory for Hyundai’s new SUV…

The Lada XRAY is now inside Russia’s Top 10.

…The Creta, which has been the #1 SUV in Russia ever since it launched last August. All-in-all, Hyundai is winning as the two nameplates add up to almost 57.000 units this year vs. just under 46.000 for the Solaris alone last year. The VW Polo (+2%) overtakes the Renault Duster down three spots and 15% to #7. Taking a little longer to blossom than the Vesta, the Lada XRAY breaks into the YTD Top 10 at #9 vs. #23 a year ago with deliveries up 92%. At #11, the Renault Kaptur directly lands as the brand’s 2nd best-seller in Russia above the Sandero and Logan. Further down the ranking, the Kia Sportage (+48%), VW Tiguan (+192%), Datsun on-DO (+42%) and Mazda CX-5 (+27%) all post very solid gains.

Previous post: Russia June 2017: Fourth consecutive YoY gain at +15%

One year ago: Russia First Half 2016: Hyundai Solaris takes charge in market down 14%

Full H1 2017 Top 58 All-brands and Top 25 models vs. Full H1 2016 figures below.

This content is for 1 Year members only.
Log In Register

Russia June 2017: Fourth consecutive YoY gain at +15%

The Lada Granta is #1 at home for the firs time this year. Picture zr.ru

* See the Top 54 All-brands and Top 25 models by clicking on the title *

Russia keeps aligning very encouraging results over the past few months and June is the fourth consecutive month of year-on-year gain and the largest so far at +15% to 141.084 registrations, the largest year-on-year gain since August 2012, propelling the year-to-date tally up 6.9% to 718.529 units. The brands ranking is extremely stable with the Top 12 unchanged on last month. The market growth is concentrated onto the most popular brand, with the Top 8 best-selling manufacturers all either outpacing or equalling the market. Leader Lada is strong with a 23% gain ahead of Kia (+31%), Hyundai (+22%), Renault (+21%) and Toyota (+28%). Ford (+24%) also shines at #10. Beyond the Top 10, notice Mazda (+29%), Datsun (+23%), Mitsubishi (+22%) and Chery (+56%) all posting solid gains. Among smaller brands, Zotye (+414%), Smart (+144%), Changan (+267%) and Isuzu (+118%) impress albeit from very low bases.

Kia Sportage sales are up 72% year-on-year in June. Picture zr.ru

Model-wise, the Lada Granta reclaims the top spot for the first time since last December and only the third time in the past 12 months thanks to deliveries up a robust 18% to 6.1% share. In contrast, the Kia Rio is down 7% and the Hyundai Solaris down 14%: this is not what we got used to in the past year or so. The Lada Vesta is knocked down to #4 but gains 29% year-on-year while the Hyundai Creta continues to top the SUV charts albeit with its smallest share this year at 2.8% and only 89 units above the Renault Duster (+1%). The Toyota RAV4 shoots up 77% to #8, the Kia Sportage is up 72% to #11, the Lada XRAY up 54% but down 5 spots on May to #14, the VW Tiguan up 202% to #17, the Nissan Terrano up 55% to #22 and the Mazda CX-5 up 37% to #25. Yet SUVs don’t have the monopoly of spectacular gains: the Lada Kalina is up 49% and the Datsun on-DO up 77%.

Previous month: Russia May 2017: Recovery sets in with sales up 14.7%

One year ago:  Russia June 2016: Hyundai Solaris back on top, Lada Vesta resumes growth

Full June 2017 Top 54 All-brands and Top 25 models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Kazakhstan May 2017: Lada 4×4 teases Camry for #1, market back up

The Lada 4×4 is only 8 units off the Kazakh pole position this month. 

* See the Top 40 All-brands and Top 160 All-models by clicking on the title *

Thanks to our partnership with autoconsulting.kz, we can share with you May 2017 data for Kazakhstan, a market back up 10% year-on-year to 3.821 new vehicles but still down 13% year-to-date at 15.588. Toyota remains the most popular carmaker in the country with a strong 21.2% this month vs. 20% year-to-date, distancing Lada at 16.6% vs. 17.6% so far this year. Ravon, the new brand replacing UZ-Daewoo, is back up to third place with 6.7% of the market above Hyundai, GAZ and Kia. Peugeot is up 21 spots on April to #13 vs. #20 YTD. The Toyota Camry continues to dominate the models ranking but this time only 8 units separate it from the #2, the valiant Lada 4×4 aka Niva. The GAZ Gazelle rounds up the podium like it does YTD and the Toyota RAV4 is up two spots on April to #4, also earning the #4 spot YTD. The Ravon R4 (a rebadged Chevrolet Cobalt) is now the brand’s best-seller at #8 (+5 on April) while the Nexia R3 is down 7 ranks to #12. The new generation boosts the Peugeot 301 up 101 spots on last month (!) to #13.

Previous month: Kazakhstan April 2017: Toyota Camry best-seller, Ravon R4 up

One year ago (June): Kazakhstan First Half 2016: Toyota and Renault catch up on Lada

Full May 2017 Top 40 All-brands and Top 160 All-models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Russia May 2017: Recovery sets in with sales up 14.7%

Lada sales are up 22% at home with the Vesta up 75% to third place. Picture zr.ru 

* See the Top 54 All-brands and Top 25 models by clicking on the title *

This is it: the Russian new car market looks to be back on track. With a 14.7% increase in May to 124.990 units, it posts the largest year-on-year gain since August 2012. The year-to-date tally is now up 5.1% to 577.449 units. The good news is the fact that this growth is spread across most best-selling brands and is not reliant on a handful of high performing ones. Leaders Lada (+22%) and Kia (+26%) both frankly outpace the market to post stronger-than-YTD market shares, and are followed by Hyundai (+13%), Renault (+22%), Toyota (+15%) and Volkswagen (+28%). In fact, inside the Top 10 Nissan (+7%) and Skoda (+6%) are the only manufacturers not posting double-digit gains. The gains are slimmer further down the ranking but Mazda (+36%), Mitsubishi (+34%) and Volvo (+114%) shine. This month we welcome Haval in the Russian brands ranking as the company discloses sales since January in one go. The Chinese manufacturer lands at #35 with 173 sales and totals 687 units year-to-date.

The Kia Rio now has a firm grip on the Russian models ranking, once again ranking #1 but trailing market growth at +7%. The Lada Granta struggles at -8%, followed closely by the Lada Vesta (+75%) lodging its highest ever market share at 5.2%, also hit last January. The Hyundai Solaris (-24%) continues to skid, but the manufacturer makes up for it with the unwavering success of the Creta at #5 and holding onto the title of best-selling SUV in Russia, a position it has ranked ever since it launched in August 2016. The next best-selling SUVs are the Renault Duster (-17%) and Toyota RAV4 (+23%) with the Lada XRAY (+80%) now settling into the Top 10 at #9. Notice also the Toyota Camry up 20%, Kia Sportage up 60%, VW Tiguan up 241%, Nissan Almera up 78%, Lada Kalina up 60% and Ford Focus up 53%.

Previous month: Russia April 2017: Market confirms rebound at +6.9%

One year ago: Russia May 2016: Skoda and Ford escape overall gloom

Full May 2017 Top 54 All-brands and Top 25 models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Europe April 2017: VW Tiguan up to record 4th place, 3 VWs in Top 4

vw-tiguan-europe-august-2016The VW Tiguan breaks its European ranking record at #4 this month.

* See the Top 53 best-selling brands and Top 340 models by clicking on the title *

Today we can share with you complete and final figures for Europe 28 countries excluding Turkey and Russia, based on data released by JATO Dynamics. 1.215.412 vehicles found a buyer in April, resulting in the largest year-on-year drop since March 2013 at -7% as the UK (-20%), Germany (-8%), France (-6%) and Italy (-5%) all decline with Spain the only Big Four country to show a modest increase at +0.8%. This doesn’t mean we should worry about the health of the European market, as the UK suffers a temporary pull-forward effect due to changes in Vehicle Excise Duty and most markets had less opening days than in April 2016. We forecast the market to rebound back into positive territory in May. The year-to-date tally is still significantly ahead of its level of the same period a year ago at 5.438.822 units, up 4% or roughly 210.000 units.

Structurally, the European market is drifting away from diesel engines which freefall 15% this month to 46% share overall vs. 50% a year ago. Diesel ban plans in some European cities have certainly cooled private demand for such motorisations. In terms of car segments, compact cars are down 12%, subcompact cars down 9% and MPVs down 21% but SUVs continue to progress at +7%. The Top 3 groups in Europe all lose market share year-on-year: the VW Group leads at 24.89% share, down 9%, followed by PSA at 16.14% (including Opel/Vauxhall) down 10% and Renault-Nissan (including Mitsubishi) at 14.19%, down 7.4%. FCA on the other hand is the largest market share gainer in 4th place at 7.23%. Daimler (6.63%), Ford (6.52%), BMW Group (6.5%), Hyundai-Kia (6.13%) and Toyota (4.33%) follow with Geely (1.99%) rounding up the Top 10 thanks to Volvo sales.

The new gen Citroen C3 breaks the nameplate’s European ranking record at #9. Picture largus.fr

Brand-wise, Volkswagen remains by far in the lead despite a 15.4% drop, while Renault (-4.6%) bypasses Ford (-12.3%) to claim the 2nd spot overall. Peugeot (-4.3%) is up two spots on last month to #4, outselling its now stablemate Opel/Vauxhall (-14%) at #6 with Mercedes (stable) taking a strong 5th place overall and #1 premium brand on the continent. Below, Audi (-9.1%), Fiat (-2.6%), BMW (-5.6%) and Skoda (-4.7%) all lose ground in the remainder of the Top 10 but for the latter three the drop is lower than the market, resulting in higher market shares. Toyota actually gains ground (+2.7%) but remains outside the Top 10 at #11 whereas it ranks #10 so far in 2017 with a 15.9% improvement, the largest in the Top 15. Seat (+15.4%), Suzuki (+9.2%) and Mini (+11.1%) are the only other gainers in the Top 20 while below, Alfa Romeo (+54.2%), Tesla (+33.5%), Maserati (+46.6%) and Lada (+40.6%) post solid improvements albeit with much smaller volumes for the latter three. Many of these have been using screwdriver set reviews and guide for maintenance and it is the best you can use for your car.

First European Top 100 ranking for the Skoda Kodiaq. Picture autobild.de

In the models ranking, after losing the pole position to the Ford Fiesta for the first time in seven years last month, the VW Golf reclaims the European leadership in April albeit with a 28.3% drop as dealers eagerly await the facelifted model. As we described last month, the Ford Fiesta’s win was a freak event that had almost everything to do with a record UK month, and logically it now falls down 20.2% to #7 just as the UK weakens this month. The result is the Renault Clio (-7.7%) jumping to 2nd place both in April and year-to-date. Paradoxically, just as its total sales fall heavily, Volkswagen actually places three nameplates inside the Top 4 for only the second time in history, the first time being in August 2015 (Golf, Polo, Passat). This time it achieves this performance thanks to the Tiguan. After breaking into the European Top 10 for the first time last August (#6) and the Top 5 last January, the Tiguan improves its ranking record further to a stunning 4th place thanks to sales up 70.6% on April 2016.

Another record-breaker is the Citroen C3 up 48.9% to 9th place overall beating its ranking record as we predicted a few months ago. Its previous European best was #10 in June, November and December 2010 as well as March 2011. The C3 now ranks #12 year-to-date with sales up 57.2%, overstepping the Fiat Panda. Another gigantic gainer is the Peugeot 3008 with the new model propelling its sales up 157.7% to #22 overall. The Renault Megane (+33.1%), Fiat Tipo (+134.1%) also post spectacular gains. Now onto recent launches (<12 months), led once again by the Toyota C-HR at #43, followed by the Audi Q2 at #51, its best ranking so far. The Seat Ateca is below at #64, ahead of the Volvo S90/V90 at #90 and the Skoda Kodiaq breaking into the European Top 100 for the first time at #96.

Previous month: Europe March 2017: Ford Fiesta ends VW Golf reign

One year ago (1): Europe April 2016: Volkswagen (+2%) lags in market up 9%

One year ago (2): Europe April 2016: Discover the Top 335 models and All-brands

Full April 2017 Top 53 brands and Top 340 models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Kazakhstan April 2017: Toyota Camry best-seller, Ravon R4 up

The Ravon R4 is a rebadged Chevrolet Cobalt.

* See the Top 40 All-brands and Top 155 All-models by clicking on the title *

Thanks to our partnership with autoconsulting.kz, we can share with you April 2017 data for Kazakhstan when just 3.653 new vehicles found a buyer, bringing the year-to-date tally to 11.767. Toyota remains in the lead, improving its market share to 21.5% thanks to 784 registrations, while Lada remains roughly at its year-to-date level at 17.5% vs. 17.9% so far this year. Kia (8.9%) overtakes Ravon (7.4%), the replacement brand for UZ-Daewoo, while Renault is stuck in 5th place. Lexus jumps two spots to #9 and Lifan leads Chinese manufacturers at #14 ahead of JAC at #20. Model-wise, the Toyota Camry remains by far in the lead with 8.7% share, distancing two Ladas: the 4×4 (aka Niva) and Largus. The GAZ Gazelle and Ravon Nexia R3 round up the Top 5 while the Kia Rio and Toyota Land Cruiser 200 leap into the Top 10. The newly launched Ravon R4 – a rebadged Chevrolet Cobalt – is up 78 spots on March to land at #13 and the Hyundai Creta is stable at #15.

Previous month: Kazakhstan March 2017: Toyota and Camry lead, Ravon up

Full April 2017 Top 40 All-brands and Top 155 All-models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Russia April 2017: Market confirms rebound at +6.9%

The Kia Rio is up a whopping 30% year-on-year in April.

* See the Top 52 All-brands and Top 25 models by clicking on the title *

After delivering the largest year-on-year gain in four and a half years last month, the Russian new car market confirms it is now on the mend with another year-on-year improvement in April at +6.9% to 129.476 units. The year-to-date tally is now up 2.6% to 451.945 units. Joerg Schreiber, Chairman of the AEB Automobile Manufacturers Committee, still call this a fragile recovery though. Market leader Lada follows the market at +7% to 20.3% share, only the second time in the past 12 month the Russian manufacturer manages to cross the 20% share milestone. Below, the next four carmakers all brilliantly and frankly outpace the market: Kia is up 32%, Hyundai up 12%, Renault up 19% and Volkswagen up 21%. In the Top 10, only Nissan also manages a double-digit gain, with Toyota down 12% and Skoda up 9%. BMW (+17%) and Mazda (+15%) also shine among major manufacturers.

The Lada XRAY ranks at a best-ever 8th place in April. 

In the models ranking, in the space of a few months the Kia Rio has established an implacable domination with sales surging once again at +30% to 8.942. The Rio has ranked first each and every month of 2017 so far, 7 times in the past 9 months and the 8 times in total after November 2014, August, September and October 2016. With the production of the Hyundai Solaris hatchback stopped to make room for the Creta, it is possible that the Rio benefits from a sales transfer from the Solaris. In any case, Lada sees its chances to reclaim the annual lead after losing to the Solaris in 2016 slim down: the Granta is down another 15% this month at #2 and the Vesta (+29%) is stuck in 4th place.

The new generation boosts VW Tiguan sales up 235% this month.

The Lada XRAY continues to progress: up 41% year-on-year and two spots on March to a record 8th place. Great gainers inside the Top 25 include the Lada 4×4 aka Niva (+33%), Nissan Qashqai (+34%), Kia Cee’d (+37%), Nissan X-Trail (+50%), Kia Sportage (+52%) and VW Tiguan (+235%). Finally, the Ford Focus returns inside the Top 25 for the first time in a year.

Previous month: Russia March 2017: Largest year-on-year gain in 4.5 years at +9%

One year ago: Russia April 2016: Vesta and XRAY push Lada to best share in 4.5 years

Full April 2017 Top 52 All-brands and Top 25 models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Kazakhstan March 2017: Toyota and Camry lead, Ravon up

The Ravon Nexia R3 ranks #2 this month in Kazakhstan. 

* See the Top 40 All-brands and Top 150 All-models by clicking on the title *

Thanks to our partnership with autoconsulting.kz, official data for the Kazakh new car market is now available for March. No good news this month: sales are down a further 21.5% year-on-year to just 2.805 units, pulling the year-to-date tally down 23% to 8.114. Evolving completely against the grain, Toyota gains 48% to reclaim the brands lead both in March with 23.1% share and year-to-date at 18.6% despite a 16% drop. Lada (-39%) comes second both in March at 17.1% share and year-to-date at 18% (-21%). New brand Ravon – the replacement for Uz-Daewoo – climbs two spots on February to brilliantly land on the third step of the podium with 6.9% share. Despite the overall gloom, there are a few additional brands in positive territory this month, including Chevrolet (+50%), Lexus (+80%), Lifan (+644%), BMW (+900%), JAC (+155%), Ford (+73%) and Mercedes (+167%) all fitting within the Top 20.

Model-wise, the Toyota Camry is back in the lead with just under 10% market share, but over the First Quarter the Lada 4×4 still reigns at 7.4% share vs. 7% for the Camry. The Ravon Nexia R3 (a rebadged Chevrolet Aveo) is up three spots on last month to rank #2 above the Toyota RAV4, Lada 4×4 and GAZ Gazelle. Further down, notice the Hyundai Tucson up 23 ranks on February to #8, the Toyota Corolla up 19 to #11 and the Lada Vesta up 97 to #16.

Previous month: Kazakhstan February 2017: Lada 4×4 holds on tight

One year ago: Kazakhstan March 2016: Lada implodes (-80%) in market down 58%

Full March 2017 Top 40 All-brands and Top 150 All-models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Russia March 2017: Largest year-on-year gain in 4.5 years at +9%

First Top 10 ranking at home for the Lada XRAY. Picture courtesy zr.ru 

* See the Top 53 All-brands and Top 25 models by clicking on the title *

The signs the Russian new car market may have now bottomed out are clearer this month. At +9.4% on a depressed March 2016 figure to 137.894 registrations, car sales in Russia register their largest year-on-year gain since September 2012 (+10%) which, incidentally, was the first time the Lada Granta ranked #1 at home. Another milestone to be noted: this is only the fourth time in the past four years that the Russian market shows growth after November 2016 (+0.6%), December 2014 (+2%) and December 2013 (+4%). Thanks to minimal sales drops over the first two months of 2016, the year-to-date tally also steps into positive territory at +1% to 322.464 units. Joerg Schreiber, Chairman of the AEB Automobile Manufacturers Committee, says:“This is great news for our market which had not seen a positive quarter in more than 4 years. But as the saying goes, one swallow does not make a summer. More solid month results will be needed before we can call this a robust trend”.

Brand-wise, the Top 5 best-sellers beat the market, marking a clear concentration towards the tried-and-tested values in market and hesitations towards less popular marques. Lada (+13%) logically leads the way but its market share (18.2%) is lower than its YTD level (19.1%). If Kia (+18%) remains in 2nd place above sister brand Hyundai (+29%), it also post a market share retreating back to 10.6% vs. 11.6% so far this year while Hyundai is at 10.3% vs. 9.4%. Renault (+19%) and Toyota (+18%) round up the Top 5, with Volkswagen (+16%) also showing a double-digits gain inside the Top 10. Beyond, notice Datsun bouncing back up 103% to #12, Mazda up 22%, Peugeot up 36%, Volvo up 40%, Mercedes Vans up 50%, Jaguar up 166% and Smart up 178%.

In the models ranking, the Kia Rio remains a comfortable #1 with sales surging 44% to 8.375 and 6.% share ahead of the Lada Granta up an equally impressive 51%. The Rio has now led the Russian sales charts for a third consecutive month and the 6th time over the past 8 months after last August, September and October as well as January and February this year. The Hyundai Solaris climbs back up 4 spots on last month to third place overall but drops 13% year-on-year. The Lada Vesta is kicked out of the podium and, worryingly, sees its market share slide from 5.2% in January to 4.8% in February to 4.4% now. The Hyundai Creta is down one spot on February to round up the Top 5. The Lada XRAY breaks into its home monthly Top 10 for the very first time just over a year after its launch at #10 and 2.2% share, now ranking #9 year-to-date. Other impressive gainers inside the Top 25 models include the Toyota RAV4 (+31%), Nissan X-Trail (+33%), Toyota Camry (+39%), Datsin on-DO (+82%), VW Tiguan (+181%) and Kia Sportage (+187%).

Previous month: Russia February 2017: Kia Rio confirms top spot in market down 4.1%

One year ago: Russia March 2016: Hyundai Solaris sovereign, Vesta cannibalises Granta

Full March 2017 Top 53 All-brands and Top 25 models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register

Kazakhstan February 2017: Lada 4×4 holds on tight

The Lada 4×4 is once again the best-seller in Kazakhstan. 

* See the Top 40 All-brands and Top 150 All-models by clicking on the title *

Thanks to our partnership with autoconsulting.kz, we can share with you today official data for the Kazakh new car market for February, still in poor form at just 2.843 units for the month and 5.309 year-to-date, down 24% on the same period in 2016. Brand-wise, Lada reclaims the top spot off Toyota at 587 sales and 20.6% share vs. 473 and 16.6% and is now also #1 year-to-date at 982 vs. 876 units. Renault remains in third place with 8.4% of the Kazakh market, followed by GAZ and Ravon (previously known as UZ-Daewoo) both up one spot on January to overtake Hyundai. Notice also Nissan at #9 and Iveco at #38. The Lada 4×4 is once again the best-selling nameplate in the country, and by a large margin with 255 sales and 9% share vs. 187 and 6.6% for the #2, 2016 market leader the Toyota Camry. The Lada Largus is up 41 spots (!) on January to land on the third step of the podium ahead of the GAZ Gazelle and Ravon Nexia R3. The Hyundai Creta conforms it is a blockbuster in Kazakhstan by holding onto the 9th spot it already occupied in January.

Previous month: Kazakhstan January 2017: Lada 4×4 and GAZ Gazelle in the lead

One year ago: Kazakhstan March 2016: Lada implodes (-80%) in market down 58%

Full February 2017 Top 40 All-brands and Top 150 All-models below.

This content is for members only.
Log In Register
Search