Brazil 1993: Gol, Uno & Escort on podium, VW Logus lands

In 1993 the VW Gol keeps the leadership of the Brazilian car market with 180,937 sales (+33%). It was on top 10 months out of 12 and peaked at 18,399 units in July. The Fiat Uno takes the 2nd spot with 147,012 sales and an impressive +69% over 1992. It was #1 in November (16,476 units) and December (15,433).

Ford Escort

The Ford Escort gains 3 spots and ranks 3rd at 89,812 sales and +185%, followed by the Chevrolet Kadett (67,713, +61%) and Monza (66,664, +25%). The VW Logus, launched in February, is the best performing all-new model in Brazil this year. It peaks at #4 and 7,468 sales in October and finishes the year 6th with 43,240 sales. For its first full year of sales the Chevrolet Omega is #11.

VW Logus

Notice a few uniquely Brazilian models further down the ranking: the Ford Versailles (#12), Chevrolet Ipanema (#13), VW Quantum (#15), Ford Royale (#19) and Chevrolet Suprema (#20). The VW Fusca (aka Beetle) enjoys a second life when it is put back into production in September. It is #18 overall.

Full Top 20 Ranking Table below.

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Turkey 1993: Tofas Sahin/Dogan/Kartal and Renault 9 dominate

At 21,189 in 1981, Turkish car sales have been multiplied by 10 in 10 years to reach 238,251 in 1991. They were up 32% in 1992 at 315,505 and are up another 33% over the first 7 months of 1993 at 245,882 units. The bulk of the sales is monopolised by only a couple of models:

The 1st generation Renault 9, still produced in Turkey, takes the lead with 43,029 sales and 17.5% share. However the Tofas Sahin (sedan, #2 with 40,079 sales & 16.3%), Dogan (luxury sedan, #3 with 39,341 sales & 16%) and Kartal (station wagon, #5 with 15,982 sales) are just different versions of the same model, a Turkish production of the Fiat 131. All combined, their sales add up to 95,402 units, or 38.8% of the Turkish market! More info on the Tofas Sahin here.

Tofas Sahin

Tofas Dogan

Tofas Kartal

A restyled version of the 1969 Renault 12 is still in production in Turkey and is met with significant success: the Station Wagon version is #4 with 16,966 sales and 6.9% and the Sedan is #7 with 9,344 sales and 3.8%. More pictures and Full 7 months 1993 Top 10 Ranking Table below.

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Germany 1993: BMW 3 Series on the podium for the first time

VW Golf

* See the Top 100 best-selling models by clicking on the title! Thanks to Florian for the data

From over 4 million units in reunification-boosted 1991, the German car market drops to 3.2 million in 1993, a further 19% down on 1992. The VW Golf III goes against the trend are sees its sales go up 5% year-on-year to a whopping 370,719 registrations and close to 12% market share. It sells 43,838 units in March alone, its highest monthly volume in Germany so far.

Opel Astra

The Opel Astra can’t keep up: for its second full year of sales it is already down 17% to 251,070 units but improves its share to 7.9%. Event on the podium: BMW places the 3 Series in third place, up 3 spots to 127,011 sales and 4% market share, the first time a BMW model lands on the podium in Germany since the Isetta in the fifties, and the 3 Series’ best-ever position.

BMW 3 Series

The Audi 80 is up one rank to #4 with 116,726 sales (3.7%), followed by the VW Passat (-35%), Mercedes 200/300 renamed E Class (-15%) and the Ford Escort/Orion (-8%). These seven models all sell more than 100,000 units in Germany this year, down from 10 in 1992.

Renault 19

Very solid in 11th place, the Renault 19 is by far the best-selling foreign model for the 4th year running at 73,591 sales and 2.3%. It even ranked 6th in March with 12,385 sales, its best-ever position in Germany. The Renault Clio follows at #17 and 1.5%, ahead of the Toyota Corolla (#21) and Mazda 323 (#22). Two new models land directly in the Top 20: the Ford Mondeo is #14 at 1.8% and the Mercedes C-Class, replacing the 190, ranks 15th at 1.6%. For the first time ever, a Korean model break into the annual German Top 50: the Hyundai Pony is #45 with 14,694 sales and 0.5%.

Full Year 1993 Top 100 and each monthly Top 15 Ranking Tables below.

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Germany 1992: VW Golf III and Opel Astra gear up

VW Golf III

* See the Top 100 best-selling models by clicking on the title! Thanks Florian for the data *

The German car market is down 5% this year at 3,929,558 registrations.This is the year the new generation VW Golf and Opel Astra gear up. The VW Golf III enjoys its first full year of sales and ranks directly #1 with 353,066 units for a 9% market share. It didn’t start very well though: the 3rd generation of VW’s best-seller had to wait until April to reach the #1 spot for the first time, but never looked back after that, peaking at 12.9% in October.

With the Golf II still selling 59,182 units this year, this means the Golf nameplate breaks its record as the best-selling nameplate ever in Germany in a single year with a whopping 414,132 units!

Opel Astra

The Opel Astra indeed started exceptionally well and was the #1 car in Germany in January, February and March. These would end up being the only 3 times the Astra nameplate ranked #1 in the 20 year-long nameplate history… It peaks at 10.3% share in November and finishes its first full year of sales at 300,804 units and 7.7%, making it by far the most successful nameplate introduction in the history of automobile in Germany! The other two nameplates to have ever sold over 300,000 units in a single year, the VW Beetle and Golf, took respectively 13 and 11 years to achieve this feat!

Audi 80

The VW Passat is down 16% but stays #3, followed by the Opel Vectra (-11%) while the Audi 80 is up one spot and 11% to #5, ahead of the BMW 3 Series, breaking its own record at a massive 148,257 units (+18%) and the Mercedes 200/300 at -11%. 3 more models sell upwards of 100,000 units this year to bring the total to 10, a record like last year.

The Renault 19 is the best-selling foreign model in Germany for the third year in a row at 97,086 sales and 2.5%, up one spot to #11, the highest ranking reached by a foreign model in the country since the Renault 4 in the early seventies. The Renault Clio (#15) is the only other foreign model in the Top 20.

Full Top 100 Ranking Table below.

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France 1992: Renault Clio starts its reign

Renault Clio

* See the Top 233 best-selling models by clicking on ‘Read more’ at end of post! Many thanks to STAC for making this post possible! *

French car sales are up 4% this year to 2,105,700 registrations. 18 months after its original launch, the Renault Clio finds its mark and dominates the whole year, ranking 1st from January to December and peaking at 12.6% in October for what still remains today its best ever monthly market share. It finishes the year at 233,209 units and 11.1% market share, up 21%.

Renault 19

Boosted by its facelift, the Renault 19 climbs onto the second step of the podium with 148,392 sales and 7% share, up 25%. The Peugeot 205 drops to 3rd place at 129,546 units and 6.2%, giving way to the Peugeot 106. The relay was passed in October when the 106 ranked above the 205 for the first time and kept the lead for the rest of the year. The 106 finished the year at #7 with 97,820 sales and 4.6%.

Peugeot 106

Other good performers this year: the Citroen ZX up 3 spots and 53% to #6 at 98,578 units (4.7%). The VW Golf up 36% to 83,402 sales and 4%, the best ever annual market share for a foreign model in France. The Ford Fiesta, up 9% to 79,513 units and 3.8%, the Opel Astra, up to #16 for its first full year of sales with 34,539 sales and 1.6% and the Renault Safrane, best newcomer landing directly in 19th place at 29,510 units and 1.4% share.

Ferrari F40

Further down the ranking, notice the arrival of the first South Korean models ever to be available in France: the Hyundai Pony is #117 with 632 sales, the Hyundai Lantra is #125 at 473 units, the Hyundai Scoupe #162 with 100 sales and the Hyundai Sonata #164 at 84 units.

Daihatsu also makes its first appearance in France with the Charade best-seller at #173 and 64 sales, and so does Subaru with the Legacy selling 60 units (#176). See also the Ferrari 512 landing at #166 with 75 sales, just below the Ferrari 348 (115 units), while the Ferrari F40 sees its sales jump 67% to 10 units…

Previous year: see the 1991 French Top 217 best-selling models here.

Full Year 1992 Top 233 and every monthly Top 10 Ranking Tables below.

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Portugal 1991-1992: Fiat Uno and Renault Clio most popular

Fiat Uno

* See the Top 10 best-selling models by clicking on the title! Many thanks to José *

The Fiat Uno stays strong both years in Portugal at 26,096 sales and 11.5% in 1991 and 28,588 and 10.3% in 1992. It is joined on the podium both times by the Renault Clio at 10.6% then 9.7% and the Opel Corsa at 9.3% then 7.5%. The Citroen AX ranks 4th in ’91 at 5.6% share with the Ford Fiesta #5 at 5.3% before the two models exchange positions in ’92. The Peugeot 205 (#6 in ’91), Renault 19 (#6 in ’92), Seat Ibiza and VW Golf also shine.

Previous post: Portugal 1990: Fiat Uno dominates

Next post: Portugal 1993: Opel Corsa over 11% of the market

Full 1991-1992 Top 10 Ranking Table below.

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Brazil 1990-1992: VW Gol, Fiat Uno and Chevy Monza on podium

VW Gol

The VW Gol grabs over 18% of the Brazilian market in 1992 with 135,668 sales, ahead of the Fiat Uno at 86,898 sales and the Chevrolet Monza at 53,505 units.

In fact the podium has stayed unchanged for the last 3 years, with the Gol delivering 102,204 units in 1991 and 104,271 in 1990, the Uno selling 94,861 models in 1991 and 63,646 in 1990 and the Chevrolet Monza at 54,856 sales in 1991 and 54,984 in 1990.

The Chevrolet Kadett, #5 in 1990 and 1991, climbs to #4 in 1992 at 41,933 sales and the VW Parati is #5 in 1992 at 31,893 units. The Ford Escort ranks 4th in 1991.

Ford Versailles

Notice the ‘only-in-Brazil’ models in the 1992 ranking: the Ford Verona (a 3-door Escort sedan) at #9, the Ford Versailles (a rebadged VW Santana) at #12, the VW Apollo (a rebadged Ford Escort) at #15, the VW Quantum (a Santana Station Wagon) at #17, Chevrolet Ipanema (Monza Station Wagon) at #18 and Ford Royale (Versailles Station Wagon) at #19.

Full Top 20 Ranking Tables for 1990, 1991 and 1992 below.

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Italy 1992: Fiat Uno and Panda dominate, Cinquecento arrives

Fiat Uno

Fiat Panda

* See the Top 15 best-selling models by clicking on the title! *

New car sales in Italy reach a record level in 1992 at 2,374,775 registrations. The Fiat Uno is very stable in pole position with 336,262 sales and 14.2% share. The Fiat Panda reclaims its 2nd spot at 158,641 units (6.7%), just above the Ford Fiesta at 157,827 (6.6%). The Renault Clio gains one spot in 4th place and 5% share, passing the Fiat Tipo (4.9%).

VW Golf

Below the Lancia Y10 (4.3%) and the VW Polo (3.9%), the new gen VW Golf is 8th at 92,243 units, which doesn’t reflect its impressive progression throughout the year: it ranked #3 in August and December, and even #2 in November. The Fiat Cinquecento, launched in late ’91, reaches an encouraging 7th place with 10,012 sales in March but did not improve on it this year. It finishes 1992 in 12th place only.

Previous year: Italy 1991: Fiat Uno and Ford Fiesta in command

Next year: Italy 1993: Last year of reign for the Fiat Uno

Full Top 15 and every Monthly Top 10 Ranking Tables below.

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UK 1992: Ford Escort reclaims top spot

Ford Escort

* See the Top 20 best-selling models by clicking on the title! Many thanks to Florian *

After two years of Ford Fiesta domination, the Ford Escort is back on top of the UK ranking with 121,140 sales and 7.6%, up 15% and one percentage point year-on-year. This may have something to do with the facelift the 5th generation received in September.

The Vauxhall Cavalier is out of luck: now that it passed the Ford Fiesta, it is below the Escort and Vauxhall is therefore not able to interrupt the 20 year-long reign of Ford models. The Cavalier sells 108,818 units at 6.8% share, just above the Ford Fiesta at 106,595 units and 6.7%.

Rover Metro

In 4th place, the Vauxhall Astra is boosted by the new generation launched last year, up 1 spot and 39% at 86,858 sales. The Rover 200 is up 13% to a record 77,214 units, stable at #6, as is the Rover Metro at #7 and 3.6%. The 5 year-old Peugeot 405 becomes the best selling foreign model in the UK at #8 and 3% share, up 17%, while the Renault Clio makes its very first appearance in the annual UK Top 10 at #10 and 2.2%.

Full 1992 Top 20 Ranking Table: click on ‘Read more’ below the Peugeot 405 pic.

Peugeot 405

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